Saturday, January 22, 2011

What is EJB 3.0

This lesson introduces you with EJB 3.0, which is being used extensively for developement of robust, scalable and secure applications.

What is EJB?
The Enterprise JavaBeans architecture or EJB for short is an architecture for the development
and deployment of component-based robust, highly scalable business applications.
These Applications are scalable, transactional, and multi-user secure. You can
develop the application once and then deploy on any one of the JEE 5 complaint
application server. There are many application servers are available both free
and commercial. You can choose the server for development and deployment to suit
your requirement and budget.
Benefits of EJB
EJB simplifies the development of small and large enterprise applications.
The EJB container provides system-level services to enterprise beans, the bean developer can
just concentrate on developing logic to solve business problems.
Types of EJB
  1. Session Bean

    Session is one of  the EJBs and it  represents a single client
    inside the Application Server. Stateless session is easy to develop and its
    efficient. As compare to entity beans session beans require few server

    A session bean is similar to an interactive session and is not shared; it
    can have only one client, in the same way that an interactive session can
    have only one user. A session bean is not persistent and it is destroyed
    once the session terminates.

    Session Bean Types

    Session Beans are of two types, Stateful Session Bean and Stateless Session

    Stateless Session Beans

    A stateless session bean does not maintain a conversational state for
    the client. When a client invokes the method of a stateless bean, the bean's
    instance variables may contain a state, but only for the duration of the

    Because stateless session beans can support multiple clients, they can offer
    better scalability for applications that require large numbers of clients.
    Typically, an application requires fewer stateless session beans than
    stateful session beans to support the same number of clients.

    Stateful Session Beans

    The state of an object consists of the values of its instance variables.
    In a stateful session bean, the instance variables represent the state of a
    unique client-bean session. Because the client interacts ("talks")
    with its bean, this state is often called the conversational state.

  2. Entity Bean

    Enity beans are persistence java objects, whose state can be saved into the
    database and later can it can be restored from Data store. Entity bean
    represents a row of the database table.

  3. Message Driven Bean

    Message Driven Bean is an enterprise bean that can be used by JEE
    applications to process the messages asynchronously. Message Driven Bean
    acts as message consumer and it receives JMS messages.
EJB 3.0 New Features
Following are the new features of EJB 3.0:
  1. Metadata Annotations

    EJB 3.0 extensively uses the metadata annotations to simplify the development
    of EJB 3.0 components. Now there is no need to write the deployment
    descriptor, but the deployment descriptor is still supported. Annotations
    can be overridden by deployment descriptor.
  2. Encapsulation of environmental dependencies

    EJB 3.0 now uses the annotations and dependency injection mechanism to
    encapsulation the environmental dependencies and JNDI access.
  3. More simplified EJB Specification

    EJB 3.0 is simplified Specification but still very powerful. Now there is no
    need to write home and component interfaces and implementing the javax.ejb.EnterpriseBean
    interface by EJB class. The EJB bean class is now pure java class, also know
    as POJO and the interface is know as POJI is simple Java interface. So, you
    can now developed your enterprise application very fast.
  4. Dependency Injection

    Now the API for lookup and usage of EJB environment and resource references
    has been simplified and dependency injection is used through metadata
  5. Simplification of Entity Persistence

    Persistence of the entity objects are now very simple through the
    introduction of Java Persistence API. A new API EntityManager API
    has been introduced is used create, find, remove and update entities. Now
    the domain objects supports inheritance and polymorphism.
  6. Callback interfaces
    Elimination of the requirement for the implementation of callback interfaces.
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